The Linux Console Font Utilities package contains various applications to manipulate Linux console fonts. In particular, programs are included to convert standard PSF font files to a text representation and vice versa, allowing easy font editing using any text editor.
There have been no official releases of the Linux Console Font Utilities. You can use Git to download the current development snapshot:
git clone git://git.zap.org.au/data/git/console-fonts-utils.git
You may look at the source code of this package, download a read-only copy of the Git repository or browse the source code history.
The following programs, written in the Python programming language, are included in the Linux Console Font Utilities package:
The following Python modules are included:
The utility programs psf2psftx, psftx2psf, freebsdvfnt2psftx, psftx2freebsdvfnt and rawfnt2psftx convert binary fonts to and from a text representation that can be edited using any text editor. This text representation is intended to be minimally simple. For example, a typical glyph for the letter A would contain a series of lines with X’s and .’s marking up the on and off pixels, as well as Unicode mappings:
GLYPH 0x41 U+0041 # LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A .......... .......... .......... ....XX.... ...XXXX... ..XX..XX.. ..XX..XX.. .XX....XX. .XX....XX. .XX....XX. .XXXXXXXX. .XX....XX. .XX....XX. .XX....XX. .XX....XX. .XX....XX. .......... .......... .......... .......... ENDGLYPH
The PSFTX text representation format is fully documented in the source file psftxio.py.
The psftx-codechart utility program takes a PSFTX text representation of a font and generates a PDF font coverage codechart, similar to Unicode codecharts.
For example, running psftx-codechart on the console font zap-ext-light24.psftx from the Linux Console Fonts from The ZAP Group package:
psftx-codechart zap-ext-light24.psftx zap-ext-light24.pdf
generates the PDF file zap-ext-light24.pdf:
By default, psftx-codechart generates glyph charts with 16×16 glyphs per page. Charts with 8×8 or 4×4 glyphs per page can also be generated by specifying an appropriate ––size parameter:
psftx-codechart --size large zap-ext-light24.psftx zap-ext-light24--large.pdf psftx-codechart --size huge zap-ext-light24.psftx zap-ext-light24--huge.pdf
The psftx-codechart utility program requires the excellent ReportLab Python package.
The psftx-encodings utility program checks a PSFTX text representation of a font for coverage of various single-byte encodings. It is useful during the design of a font to ensure that all characters you want to cover are in fact covered. It lists any characters that are not covered by a font. For example, running this program on the font zap-ext-light24.psftx:
gives, amongst many other lines:
Filename: zap-ext-light24.psftx PSF version: 2 Glyph size: 10 x 24 pixels Glyph count: 512 Unicode font: Yes (mapping table present) Mappings: 707 Encoding ascii (US English): Characters in encoding: 95 Characters matched: 95 Characters missing: 0 Encoding iso-8859-1 (Latin-1 Western European): Characters in encoding: 191 Characters matched: 191 Characters missing: 0
[…]Encoding cp850 (DOS Latin-1 Western European): Characters in encoding: 223 Characters matched: 219 Characters missing: 4 Missing characters: U+2017 DOUBLE LOW LINE U+2580 UPPER HALF BLOCK U+2584 LOWER HALF BLOCK U+2593 DARK SHADE
[…]Additional characters: Characters present: 127 Characters: U+0182 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER B WITH TOPBAR
The psftx-sampler utility program generates sample text strings that can be displayed on a Linux console to test the glyphs in a font. For example, if you download and unpack the Linux Console Fonts from The ZAP Group package into the current directory, then run the following lines from a Linux console:
make setfont zap-ext-light18.psf clear; ./utils/psftx-sampler zap-ext-light18.psftx
it would display the following text:
The psftx-screenshot utility program takes a PSFTX text representation of a font, as well as text from the standard input or a file, and generates a simulated screenshot of that text as a PNG image. For example, running psftx-screenshot on the zap-ext-light18.psftx font in the following way (adjusting the path of zap-ext-light18.psftx as appropriate):
psftx-sampler .../zap-ext-light18.psftx | psftx-screenshot .../zap-ext-light18.psftx - zap-ext-light18.png
gives the PNG image displayed above.
The psftx-screenshot utility program requires the very useful Pillow PIL Python package.
The psftx-template utility program creates a blank template PSFTX file for a given font size. For example, running:
psftx-template --output newfont.psftx 8x16 256
generates the file newfont.psftx that contains 256 glyphs of size 8×16 pixels:
# PSFTX font file template # # Name: newfont.psftx # Size: 8 x 16 pixels # Glyphs: 256 PSFTX FONT VERSION 1 GLYPH 0x00 ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ENDGLYPH
Your comments, suggestions, corrections and enhancements are always warmly welcomed! Please send these to:
The ZAP Group,
Unit 6, 116 Woodburn Road,
Berala, NSW, 2141,
Copyright © 2004–19, John Zaitseff.
The Linux Console Font Utilities package is free software that is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of that License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 or (at your option) any later version.
This software is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.